The Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) has published its final rules setting out how it will implement the Solvency II Directive (Solvency II) in the UK.

Solvency II puts in place a consistent and coherent solvency framework for insurers across Europe and aims to provide greater protection to policyholders by reducing the probability of an insurance firm failure, according to the PRA.

The framework better aligns capital requirements to firms’ asset and liability profiles and enhances the quality of capital, providing greater protection. It also provides incentives to strengthen risk management, reporting and disclosure across the industry.

A policy statement available on the PRA’s website http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/pra/Pages/publications/ps/2015/ps215.aspx publishes the rules and accompanying supervisory statements required for the PRA’s implementation of the Solvency II Directive.

The policy statement sets out how the PRA will implement the ‘long-term guarantees package’. Insurers can reduce the level of risk on some types of long-term liabilities, such as annuities, if they hold closely-matched, long-term assets to back them. The long-term guarantees package allows a firm to reduce its capital and reserving requirements, where the firm is closely matched and invested for the long term.

In addition to publishing the final rules, the PRA has also published a consultation paper on the application process for the ‘volatility adjustment’.

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This is an adjustment to the Solvency II risk-free discount rate which will be used to value insurance liabilities. The PRA said it is designed to mitigate the effect of short-term volatility in financial markets on valuation of insurers’ long-term liabilities under Solvency II.

A firm wishing to use the volatility adjustment can submit a formal application after 1 April 2015. The PRA will assess applications on a case-by-case basis and will adopt a proportionate approach to reviews.

The PRA said it recognises that firms may wish to submit both matching adjustment (which allows firms to benefit from using assets held to maturity in a portfolio backing illiquid liabilities) and volatility adjustment applications.

The PRA will operate a harmonised approval process and will consider these applications in parallel.

Andrew Bailey, deputy governor, prudential regulation, Bank of England and CEO of the PRA said: "These publications will allow firms to finalise their preparations for Solvency II in order to be ready for the start of the regime on 1 January 2016."